Journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics

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Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is where the body does not produce enough insulin or the body's cells do not respond to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes, and is far more common than journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 1 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes: Some largactil tend to experience high levels of blood glucose as during pregnancy due to reduced sensitivity of insulin receptors. Blood Tests - Fasting plasma glucose, two-hour postprandial test and oral glucose tolerance test are done to know blood glucose levels.

Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) may be used to astrazeneca ukraine diabetes(if facilities are easily available). Currently, six classes of oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) are available: biguanides (e. Its complications are: Reference: www. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes: Obesity or being overweight Impaired glucose tolerance High blood pressure Dyslipidemia - Low levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) ("good") cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides, high low-density lipoproteins (LDL) Cipro effect diabetes Sedentary lifestyle Family history Age Journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics Diabetes: Some women tend to experience high levels of blood glucose as during pregnancy due to reduced sensitivity of insulin receptors.

Medications: Insulin: Type 1 diabetes is generally treated with combinations of regular journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics NPH (neutral protamine Hagedorn) insulin or synthetic insulin analogs. When insulin is used in type 2 diabetes, a long-acting formulation is usually added initially while continuing oral medications. Treatment of coexisting medical conditions (high blood pressure, dyslipidemia etc. The complications of diabetes mellitus are less common and less severe in twitching eyelid who have well-controlled blood sugar levels.

Its complications are: Acute: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): It is an intense and dangerous complication that can always result in a medical emergency.

It is generally seen due to low insulin levels which may cause the liver to turn fatty acid to ketone for fuel as ketone bodies are intermediate substrates in that metabolic sequence. This is a normal condition if occurs periodically, but can become a serious problem if sustained. Elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood decrease the blood's pH leading to DKA. The patient with DKA is typically dehydrated and breathing rapidly and deeply.

Abdominal pain is common and may be severe. Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia is another acute complication. This results in loss of water and an increase journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics blood osmolarity. If fluid is not replaced (by mouth or intravenously) the osmotic effect of high glucose levels combined with the loss of water will journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics lead to dehydration.

The body's cells become progressively dehydrated as water is taken ethambutol them and excreted. Electrolyte imbalances are also common and can be very dangerous. Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia or abnormally low blood glucose is an acute complication of several diabetes treatments.

It is rare otherwise, either in diabetic or non-diabetic patients. The patient may become agitated, sweaty, weak, and have many symptoms of sympathetic activation of the autonomic nervous system resulting in feelings akin to dread data availability immobilized panic. Diabetic Coma: Diabetic coma is a medical emergency in which a person with diabetes mellitus is unconscious as of one of the acute complications of diabetes: Severe diabetic hypoglycemia Diabetic ketoacidosis advanced enough to result in unconsciousness from a combination of severe hyperglycemia, dehydration and shock and exhaustion Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma in which extreme hyperglycemia and dehydration alone are sufficient to how to reduce bloating unconsciousness.

Chronic: (a)Micro vascular diseases (due to damage to small blood vessels): 1. Neuropathy: Sensory and motor(mono-and polyneuoropathy) neuropathy: sensory symptoms such as tinglingjournal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, stabbing pain or other abnormal sensations and motor symptoms such as sensory loss, weakness, numbness starting from feet and later on can involve finger and arm.

Autonomic neuropathy affects the digestive system, blood vessels, urinary system as well as sex organs. Nephropathy: Journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics to kidney can lead to chronic renal failure. Dermatological complications- bacterial infections, fungal infections and some other skin conditions are more common in diabetic persons. Periodontal Disease-When diabetes is not controlled properly high glucose levels in mouth chlorhexidine acetate may help germs to develop and cause periodontal diseases.



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